What is bit manipulation?
Bit manipulation is the act of algorithmically manipulating bits or other pieces of data shorter than a word. Computer programming tasks that require bit manipulation include low-level device control, error detection and correction algorithms, data compression, encryption algorithms, and optimization.
bitwise NOT operator
the bitwise NOT operator (~) inverts all bits in a number.
The NOT operator basically helps you find the “opposite” value by inverting all the bits
bitwise AND operator
the bitwise AND operator (&) combines the bits of two numbers and returns a new number whose bits are set to 1 only if the bits were equal to 1 in both input numbers
bitwise OR operator
|the bitwise OR operator (||) compares the bits of two numbers. The operator returns a new number whose bits are set to 1 if the bits are equal to 1 in either input number.|
bitwise XOR operator
the bitwise XOR operator , or “exclusive OR operator” (^), compares the bits of two numbers. The operator returns a new number whose bits are set to 1 where the input bits are different and are set to 0 where the input bits are the same.